Eurasian Journal of Physics and Functional Materials

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Vol 4, No 2 (2020)
114-121 32

This paper presents a ROOT based program that allows processing the experimental data on the study of ROT-asymmetry in the angular distribution of fission products and present the results of the experiment in a convenient and visual form. The program can work with huge data sets and detect very subtle e ects. The algorithm used by the program is given in this work. The overall description of the experimental setup, as well as data acquisition and processing systems, are presented, too.

122-131 33

The single crystal nickel-based superalloy turbine blades have been studied by means of a neutron tomography method as a non-destructive structural probe. Di erences in neutron attenuation coe cients inside volume of metal bodies of the turbine blades have been found. Those observed di erences could be associated with inner structural incoherence areas arising in the process of operation of the turbine blades. Applications of special algorithms for a three-dimensional imaging data analysis allow obtaining a spatial distribution of those areas inside the turbine blades and estimate those volumes. To study a temperature evolution of structural incoherence areas, the additional neutron tomography studies of the turbine blades with thermal treatment were performed.

132-138 26

In this paper, we study the angular features of the signal and background processes of the associated production of the Higgs boson with W boson. Signal and background processes are generated using the CompHEP generator. Monte Carlo data is processed in ROOT software. In the course of studying the basic kinematic properties it was found that the shape of the distributions of the angular variables di ers for the signal and background processes. The presence of the spin e ect makes it possible to consider the di erence between the distributions of angular variables. The observed deviations can potentially reduce the background relative to the signal.

139-146 28

This work is devoted to investigations of nickel nanotubes behavior under influence of swift heavy ion irradiation. High-energy irradiation initiates damage process inside nanostructures and can cause the appearance of new phases with interesting properties. To understand the basic principles of the evolution of structural and magnetic parameters of nanostructures under the influence of high-energy processes, detailed study of nickel nanotubes irradiated with various fluences of Fe 7+ ions was carried out.

147-153 34

Calculations of level energies in the shell model of deformed and spherical nuclei are performed for 14N nuclei. The present theoretical analysis of the 12C(14N,13 C)13N reaction at 116 MeV was performed by means of the FRESCO code. Our theoretically calculated di erential cross sections give a fair description of the experimental data for the proton transfer reaction. Based on calculation for 116 MeV predicted calculations for region from Coulomb barrier to a maximum energy available at the DC-60 heavy ion accelerator were made.

154-159 32

The present work describes the procedure for testing the suitability of a polyethylene terephthalate film (after irradiation with heavy ions it is widely used in various fields) as an alpha-track detector. The test was carried out in order to determine the prospects for the use of this film in studies evaluating the indoor and outdoor radon concentrations. The study was conducted using a radionuclide source of alpha particles Am-241. Irradiated film samples were chemically treated. In order to further compare the results, unirradiated film samples were also chemically etched under the same conditions. To determine the presence of tracks, compare and analyze their parameters, all samples were examined using a scanning electron microscope. SEM images of the investigated samples are shown. The results obtained showed the unsuitability of using these films for registration of alpha particles. Currently, studies of the indoor and outdoor radon concentrations are being carried out using solid-state nuclear detector LR-115 based on cellulose nitrate.

160-166 32

The article were studied the e ect of detonation spraying on the structure and properties of Al 2 O 3 coatings. It was determined that reducing the delay time between shots is leading to increase the hardness and elastic module of Al 2 O 3 coatings. It was found on the basis of X-ray di raction analysis that the main reason for the increasing in hardness with a decreasing in the delay time between shots is associated with increasing in the volume fraction of α -Al 2 O 3 phase. The studies of X-ray di raction presented that the highest content of the phase is achieved when the coatings are formed with a delay time between shots of 0.25 s. It was found that increasing in the volume fraction of the α -Al2O3 phase is caused by the secondary recrystallization γ → α , which occurs due to the heating of particles during coating formation, i.e. due to increasing in temperature above 1100 ◦ C in single spots of the coating when they are put each other.

167-173 31

This paper examines the influence of electrolyte-plasma surface hardening on the structure and micro hardness of wheel steel mark 2. In the work electrolyte-plasma surface quenching was carried out in an electrolyte made from an aqueous solution of 10% carbamide (NH 2 ) 2 CO+20% sodium carbon ate Na 2 CO 3 . The work investigated the strength limit, fluidity and wear intensity of the wheeled steel after electrolyte-plasma surface quenching. After electrolytic-plasma surface quenching, a batch, high-temperature plate and low-temperature plate martensit is formed on the surface of the sample. Investigations have been carried out on microhardness determination on cross-section of wheel steel sam ples after quenching in aqueous solution of electrolyte. It is found that after electrolytic-plasma surface quenching, the microhardening values of this hardened surface layer increased on ≈ 3 times compared to the steel matrix, and the thickness of the hardened layer is 1000-1500 µm. According to the results of the scanning transmission electron microscopy, the electrolyte-plasma surface quenching caused a change in the morphological constituents of steel mark 2. In the initial state, the matrix of steel is a α -phase, the morphological components of which are fragmented ferrite, unfragmented ferrite and pearlite.

174-179 30

The results of the study of the phase composition of iron-nickel nanostructures susceptible to electron irradiation on the catalytic reduction of p-nitrophenyl compounds are presented. In the course of the studies, it was found that the nanostructures irradiated with a dose of 250 kGy, which are characterized by the presence of two phases, with the domination of the FeNi phase, have the highest recovery rate. In this case, nanostructures irradiated with a dose of 250 kGy, which showed the highest catalytic reaction rate, have a fairly short lifetime, which may be due to the rapid degradation of the surface of the nanotubes as a result of the interaction of the catalyst with the medium.

ISSN 2522-9869 (Print)
ISSN 2616-8537 (Online)